The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
The number of IoT devices increased 31% year-over-year to 8.4 billion in 2017 and it is estimated that there will be 30 billion devices by 2020.
Another explanation of IOT
Internet of Things (IoT) is an ecosystem of connected physical objects that are accessible through the internet. The ‘thing’ in IoT could be a person with a heart monitor or an automobile with built-in-sensors, i.e. objects that have been assigned an IP address and have the ability to collect and transfer data over a network without manual assistance or intervention. The embedded technology in the objects helps them to interact with internal states or the external environment, which in turn affects the decisions taken.
A Simple, Non-Technical Explanation of the Internet of Things
Connect everything to internet, such as home, office chairs, water purifiers, home locking system, water storage tanks, agriculture etc whatever thing you can think we can connect to internet.
Why IOT is Important
Imagine a world in which every device in the home, workplace and car are connected. A world where the lights automatically turn on when the car approaches the driveway, the coffee starts brewing when the morning alarm goes off and the front door automatically unlocks when approached by a member of the household, but stays locked when a stranger arrives on the front step. That is the type of world the Internet of Things can create.
Scope of IOT is
- Smart Home
- Connected Cars
- Industrial Internet
- IoT in Poultry and Farming
- Smart Cities
- IoT in agriculture
- Smart Retail
- Energy Engagement
- IOT in Healthcare